Kentucky's atheists are mounting a Supreme Court challenge to a law they say threatens non-believers with a year in jail.
The law, passed in 2006, requires Homeland Security offices to post signs - like this notice - announcing that: "the safety and security of the commonwealth cannot be achieved apart from reliance upon Almighty God." Failure to do so can be penalized with up to 12 months in prison, according to Louisville Judge Ann O'Malley Shake.
American Atheists, who are bringing the case, claim that the law is a "misguided push to improperly mix religion and government," and therefore violates the constitution. In similar cases, SCOTUS ruled in 1980 and 2005 that the Ten Commandments couldn't be displayed in official contexts in Kentucky.
The law was passed in the wake of 9/11, sponsored by State Rep. Tom Riner, a Baptist minister - who also led Kentucky's failed push to display the Ten Commandments in public buildings.